Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum. Syphilis can be transmitted to your baby through the placenta during pregnancy or by contact with a sore during birth.
In 2017 there were 23 cases per 100000 women.
Syphilis effects on fetus. The signs and symptoms of syphilis vary depending in which of the four stages it presents primary secondary latent and tertiary. Despite the fact that this disease can be. Congenital syphilis is caused by the bacteria treponema pallidum which is passed from mother to child during fetal development or at birth.
This is very important for your babys safety. The primary stage classically presents with a single chancre a firm painless non itchy skin ulceration usually between 1 cm and 2 cm in diameter. Untreated maternal infection leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes including early fetal loss stillbirth prematurity low birth weight neonatal and infant death and congenital disease among newborns.
A woman in the secondary stage of syphilis decreases her fetuss risk of developing congenital syphilis by 98 if she receives treatment before the last month of pregnancy. The infection was nearly eliminated but the number of cases has been climbing in recent years. An affected child can be treated using antibiotics much like an adult.
However any developmental symptoms are likely to be permanent. If a baby does contract syphilis from its mother early detection and treatment are essential in lowering the risks of stillbirth and long term effects of syphilis. Continue your regular testing regimen unless a different treatment is recommended by your doctor.
Nearly one half of all children infected with syphilis while they are in the womb die shortly before or after birth. Clinical manifestations of congenital syphilis are influenced by gestational age stage of maternal syphilis maternal. Congenital syphilis is still a cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality.