Abdominal distension occurs when substances such as air gas or fluid accumulate in the abdomen causing its expansion. Silver stool feces with a silver color due to a mixture of melena and white fatty stools.
Small bowel obstruction what is small bowel obstruction.
Sprue tropical. Genetic and rare diseases information center gard po box 8126 gaithersburg md 20898 8126 toll free. Infections of the small intestine. From the moment you swallow food until you release the remains of your meal in a bowel movement the entire digestive tract performs an amazing feat of moving the food through the organs by way of a special set of muscles that contract and expand.
Most clinically important infections of the small intestine will interfere with these functions. People suffering from this condition often describe it as feeling bloatedsufferers often experience a sensation of fullness abdominal pressure and. The major function of the small intestine is to digest absorb and propel food along its length.
For language access assistance contact the ncats public information officer. Celiac disease cd sprue is an immune mediated disease of the intestines that is triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. The villi are projections small tissue folds that increase the surface area of the.
Classic symptoms include gastrointestinal problems such as chronic diarrhoea abdominal distention malabsorption loss of appetite and among children failure to grow normally. Coeliac disease or celiac disease is a long term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine. Gluten is the major protein component of wheat rye and barley.
This often begins between six months and two years of age. This response leads to inflammation of the small intestine and to damage and destruction of the villi that line the intestinal wall. Non classic symptoms are more common.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by an inappropriate immune response to gluten a protein found in wheat and to related dietary proteins in rye and barley. The name sprue derives from a dutch word describing inflammation of the mouth which is a frequent symptom. It is typically a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction in the body rather than an illness in its own right.
Vitamin b12 a complex water soluble organic compound that is essential to a number of microorganisms and animals including humans. Vitamin b12 aids in the development of red blood cells in higher animals. The vitamin which is unique in that it contains a metallic ion cobalt has a complex.
Tropical sprue a chronic disease affecting the digestive system marked by imperfect absorption of food elements especially fat xylose and vitamin b 12 from the small intestineit is closely related to celiac disease and may be identical to it. It occurs in tropical sprue and carcinoma of the ampulla of vater and in children taking sulfonamides who have diarrhea. If you have problems viewing pdf files download the latest version of adobe reader.
1 the majority of patients with cd have been found to carry the hla dqa1.