The clinical presentations in our patients were heterogeneous but some general observations can be made. This disease strikes all ages of people in all countries.
As is it mostly a viral infection antiviral agents are used in the encephalitis treatment of acute stages.
Autoimmune encephalitis treatment in india. Iaes memes about autoimmune encephalitis for easy learning if the clinician suspects autoimmune encephalitis treatment is often given without delay based on clinical observations of symptoms a history of how the disease developed and the results of medical evaluations and tests performed. Autoimmune encephalitis ae is an emerging cause of non infective encephalitis presentations of which vary widely. Autoimmune encephalitis is a fatal disease where the bodys own immune system starts mistakenly attacking the brain which leads to many problems including inflammation in the brain and impaired function.
Along with these medications the patients with viral infections are also administered iv fluids and are monitored regularly for the extent of swelling. If the listed criteria support the diagnosis of possible autoimmune encephalitis treatment can be implemented early and prior to the onset of severe complications. Autoimmune encephalitides can present with altered mental states particularly psychosis and delirium.
The following discussion is intended only as an introduction to various treatment options. We sometimes hear from patients and family members around the world. We are pleased to share this wonderful story of struggle and recovery written by a young girls father about their familys experience with anti nmda receptor encephalitis.
A prospective follow up study was done in patients. Psychiatrists need to be particularly vigilant in cases of first episode psychosis and to look out for other sometimes subtle features of encephalitis. Only your doctor or medical professional can prescribe an appropriate treatment regime.
Early and aggressive treatment of ae leads to the best outcomes. Just as the diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis ae has evolved over the past several years so have the treatment options. Know the causes symptoms diagnosis treatment and recovery period of autoimmune encephalitis.
Traditionally the diagnosis of ae is based on detection of antibodies in a patient with clinical picture suggestive of ae. The diagnosis of autoimmune encephalitis presenting as se epilepsy cognitive impairment and other neurological symptoms requires a high index of suspicion at initial evaluation. We share this story in the desire to.
When patients present with a clinical picture of encephalitis or sudden altered mental state it is extremely important to consider an underlying autoimmune pathogenesis early on. Autoimmune encephalitis aie is a difficult clinical diagnosis as the clinical imaging and laboratory findings mimic many forms of autoimmune and infectious encephalitis. These noninfectious causes of encephalitis are a diagnostic priority as they are treatable if diagnosed early and delay in treatment can be life threatening.